By Steve Kovacs (Introduction by Chuck Gibson)

LOVELAND, OH (May 17, 2024) – In this edition of Fun with Maps we recognize the transfer of Norway to Sweden by treaty on this date over two centuries ago.  

Viking Trading

Per the Treaty of Kiel, Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden on this day in 1814.  Denmark retained control over Iceland until 1944.

They all have Viking roots but started to go on their separate ways after the end of the Viking era in the 11th century.

The Vikings were farmers and fishermen, but either because of overpopulation or driven by the attraction of conquest and riches, they began raids and occupation over a very large territory from the 8th to 11th century.  They traveled mostly on their famous longboats along much of coastal Europe, including along the Mediterranean, the Black Sea and also reached today’s Newfoundland in Canada.  Viking settlements were established over much of that area.

The Vikings were not afraid to intermarry, and as an example, studies have shown that about half of males in Liverpool, England had Viking genes before the industrial revolution which brought a lot of new folks there.  Maybe some of the Beatles are of Viking descend…

This map by Senex shows Scandinavia and the Baltics from 1719.  Finland is controlled by Sweden as shown on the map.

Scandinavia and the Baltics – Circa 1719 (Credit Steve Kovacs)

Steve Kovacs and his wife Theresa reside in Loveland, Ohio where they raised their two children. He is a passionate collector of antique maps.

Visit his antique map boutique world-on-paper online. Watch for his daily feature Steve Kovacs: Fun with Maps here on Loveland Beacon.