The infancy of the U.S. railroads, or choo-choo’s to a young child, traces back to the latter portions of the 1820s. The first and oldest common carrier is the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The B&O completed its first railroad station in 1830 on this day – Baltimore’s Mount Clare station.
The first completed railroad section took one to Elliott’s Mills, thirteen miles away. Initially passenger cars were horse drawn. The four-legged animals were soon replaced by iron horses, with the first locomotive, “Tom Thumb”, making its inaugural journey for B&O in August 1830.
It wasn’t the first rail transport by any means. The first wooden rail system was operational in Austria starting in 1515. A cousin of rails is trackways, which run in grooves in the ground, date back to 3838 B.C.
Here is Johnson’s colorful map of Baltimore from 1855.
Steve Kovacs and his wife Theresa reside in Loveland, Ohio where they raised their two children. He is a passionate collector of antique maps.
Visit his antique map boutique world-on-paper online. Watch for his daily feature Steve Kovacs: Antique Maps & Fun Facts here on Loveland Beacon.