By Steve Kovacs (Introduction by Chuck Gibson)

LOVELAND, OH (September 3, 2021) – In Issue 2021-170 of Steve Kovacs Fun with Maps, we learn about a hermit Saint and the founding of a tiny country on this date in history.  


Today is St. Marinus Day and the traditional day celebrated as the founding of the Republic of San Marino in 301 AD.

St. Marinus was a Croatian stonemason who fled persecution and ended up living as a hermit at Mount Titano in the Apennine Mountains.   A monastery was established there, with a community to support it growing around it and eventually becoming the microstate of today.

San Marino is a 24 square mile country, landlocked inside Italy.  It is the third smallest country in Europe and fifth smallest in the world.  It is also one of only 3 countries in the world to be surrounded by another country. 

Distinguished as the world’s oldest constitutional republic, it is also one of the wealthiest countries in the world.  It has the world’s highest rate of car ownership, with more automobiles than people.

Here is map of central Italy with San Marino in green, located under the left side of the cartouche, close to the Adriatic Sea. It is Lotter’s map from 1753.

Map of Central Italy showing San Marino in Green – 1753 (Credit Steve Kovacs)

Steve Kovacs and his wife Theresa reside in Loveland, Ohio where they raised their two children. He is a passionate collector of antique maps.

Visit his antique map boutique world-on-paper online. Watch for his daily feature Steve Kovacs: Antique Maps & Fun Facts here on Loveland Beacon.