By Steve Kovacs (Introduction by Chuck Gibson)

LOVELAND, OH (May 19, 2022) – In Issue 2022-090 of Steve Kovacs Fun with Maps, we learn about a peace treaty defining a lot of the western U.S. as we know it today.

Mexican-American War

Mexico ratified the peace treaty, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, on this day in 1848 ending the Mexican-American War.  The treaty went into effect on July 4, 1848.

The US gained a sizable chunk of land: Today’s California, Utah, Nevada, Colorado and most of New Mexico and Arizona.  The US paid additionally $15 million to Mexico.

The Mexican-American War was precipitated by the US’s wish to annex Texas in 1845.  There were numerous fronts, and the US won most of the battles.  The US commanders included Presidents, then president Polk and future Presidents Taylor and Pierce, as well as future Confederate General Robert E. Lee, and explorers Freemont and Perry.  And the list goes on.

Here is a geological map of the US west by Hall from 1857.

US west – 1857. (Credit Steve Kovacs)

Steve Kovacs and his wife Theresa reside in Loveland, Ohio where they raised their two children. He is a passionate collector of antique maps.

Visit his antique map boutique world-on-paper online. Watch for his daily feature Steve Kovacs: Antique Maps & Fun Facts here on Loveland Beacon.